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Sustainability Resource Guide: Planning

Information about sustainability resources, events and activities at Newcastle University: a collaborative guide from NIReS and the University Library

Introduction

Sustainable planning practices  has been embedded in the process of planning of towns and cities. This involves policy concerns over political issues and the technical aspects of sustainable developments, these concerns can vary from the use and protection of land, design of the urban environment, public welfare, transportation and distribution of networks and communications.

(Image: "Bundesarchiv Bild 183-28849-0005, Rostock, Architekten bei der Stadtplanung" by Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-28849-0005 / CC-BY-SA 3.0 [CC BY-SA 3.0 de (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Developing countries 

developed country can be defined as one that allows all its citizens to enjoy a free and healthy life in a safe environment. As more countries become developed there is need for greater infrastructure. With some countries growing faster than their infrastructure allows, shortcuts are being taken leading to damage to the environment.

The Industrialist - 'Model Village/ 'Factory village' solutions 

Robert Owen, Scotland 1799 - Textile Industrialist believed in social reform ("social- co-operation/ community benefit), developed New Lanark on banks of Clyde c.1799 - use water wheel and steam (for more information, you can also visit this website). 
 
Titus Salt, Saltaire nr. Bradford (1803 - 1876) - Mayor of Bradford discovered way of using alpaca wool for textiles and built a factory, which includes homes, bath house, institute, hospital almshouses and churches. 
 
George Cadbury - Bournville nr. Birmingham c. 1878 - Chocolate Manufacturer who believed in social reform. Developed Bournville 4 miles from Birmingham when expanding factory, aimed to provide affordable housing (for more information, you can also visit this website). 

Interventionist approach - Garden City Movement 

British Urban Planner Ebenezer Howard, England, January 29, 1850 - May 1, 1928) 

Known for his publication Garden Cities of To-morrow (1898), describing the idea of a utopian city in which man lives harmoniously together with the rest of nature.

(Image: "Garden City Concept by Howard" by Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons)

The three magnets from Garden Cities of tommorow response to the urban problems of the day, recognising urban benefit, responding to rural poverty, and people moving to the city. 

(Image: "Concept behind development of Pokemon Go" by Health Gauge [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

 

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Sustainable Solutions to Services

This video describes how Amsterdam transformed its streets into lively places for people, bicycles and the community. 

NL Cycling Website 

All about cycling in the Netherlands 

This is one of the several large parking facilities that were opened at main Rotterdam Central Station in the Netherlands. 

Kasian Architecture Forum 2012 

Our world is now more urban than rural, as we stand at the intersection of growth and sustainability, there is a critical need for us to reassess our research on urban development. 

  • A Healthy City for all: Vancouver's Healthy City Strategy

  • Is City Living bad for your health? Many cities struggle to offer their                                                                                 growing populations a healthy environment - but urban living doesn't                                                              necessarily mean a poor quality fo life. 

  • Sick cities: Why Urban Living can be bad for your mental health?                                                                                        Is our headlong rush to live in cities bound to increase incidences of                                                                                   stress and other mental disorders?

Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design for Neighborhood (LEED-ND) system is a collaboration between the United States Green Building Council,the Congress for the New Urbanism and the Natural Resources Defense CouncilIt is basically a third-party certification program  for design, operation and construction of high-performance green buildings.

Advancing Technology in a Global City

In the heart of Chicago, Illinois Institute of Technology delivered an outstanding research faculty by creating ]a unique combination of wet and dry labs and office spaces, accommodating companies at every stage of size and growth -- from incubation-stage to growth companies. The University Technology Park at IIT fosters innovation that helps to fuels their economy and promote positive change to the growth of cities. 

(Image: "New temporary building open up to house indoor vendors" by EvinDC (New temporary building opens up) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Urban Catalyst: The Power Of Temporary Use

Temporary projects offer opportunities to people wanting to start an arts or community project, or their own business; bring more services to local residents and make our streets more lively and attractive. It utilities temporary action to create a sustainable future for run down parts of our cities. 

Image of Renault Twizy car

By Photograph by Rama, Wikimedia Commons, Cc-by-sa-2.0-fr, CC BY-SA 2.0 fr, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20123901

Urban Mobility is evolving rapidly as more and more people moves to cities each week. Factors such as technological innovations increased constrains on energy use while causing deep changes in the structure of urban economies and shifting lifestyles. 

Website

" Urban Resilience is the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what lind of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience" - 100 Resilience Cities 

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Emerging Issues and Challenges

Housing Crisis

UK's Housing Crisis 

(Image: "Gentrification Stop Pozan" by MOs810 (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

Gentrification is a trend in urban neighborhoods, which results in increased property values and displacement of lower-income families and small businesses. This is a common and controversial topic in urban planning.

(Image: "Kowloon - Hong Kong" by Lichunngai (Own work) [CC0], via Wikimedia Commons)

Urban density is a term used to  refer to the number of people inhabiting in a given urbanised area.There has been much debate about whether humans should live in a lower density settlements. While preferences justify low density, the latter would be higher density delivers better sustainability but it can also be often misinterpreted and misused to justify development led by land value and securing large economic gains. 

  • Perceptions of Density A team of MIT faculty, students, and affiliated planners, architects and designers speaks about their views on the density of city blocks and neighborhoods housing development projects in both the United States and China.
  • Reimagining Jarkarta: A more compact life This article  focuses on good density , mobility, innovation and happiness, for Jarkarta to acheive both high liveability and high density. 

(Image: "Athens sprawl from the Acropolis" by karol m [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons)

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Links

NEW CITIES SUMMIT MONTREAL, JUNE 21 - 23 2016

Click here to read the E-summary Book !

(Image: © 2016 New Cities Foundation. Illustration credit: BOLD&Cie )

SHAPING CITIES, LA BIENNALE DI VENEZIA, 14 -15 July 2016

For more information about the programme and links to video, please refer to website. 

( Image: urbanage.lsecities.net, built by Soapbox, Data visualisations designed by Tekja)

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