Your subject-specific guide to using library resources.
Once you start creating citations and references, you need to consider referencing styles. There are hundreds of them out there, and each has a slightly different set of rules about how citations and reference lists should appear in your text. The Cite Them Right Harvard style is one of the main referencing styles used at Newcastle University, but there are many other styles, including Vancouver, IEEE, OSCOLA, and many, many more. Referencing styles are like a set of instructions. They tell you what types of information you need to include, the order that information should appear, and the way it should be formatted in your work. At a basic level, every style will ask you to record who created the information, when, what it is called, and how you access it.
Your lecturers will expect you to use a specific style, and all your citations and references should match that style accurately and consistently; same punctuation, same capitalisation, same everything. The style of referencing you use will vary depending on your subject area. It's important that you know which style you are required to use – check your programme and module handbooks and speak to your lecturers if you are not sure which style to use.
Online image from Red list website:
De Jong-Lantink M (2016) The Giant Panda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org/photos/2016. Accessed 22nd March 2017
Miller P, Lacy R, Medina-Miranda R, Lopez-Ortiz R, Traylor-Holzer K (2013) Confronting the invasive species crisis with PVA: An explicit, two-species metamodel of an endangered bird and its nest parasite in Puerto Rico. Paper presented at the 26th International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB 2013), Jul 21
Newspaper archive article:
Hardwick JC (1931) A Modernist Restatement. Saturday review of politics, literature, science and art 151:7-8
Herbal/medicinal plants from Special Collections:
Blackwell E (1739) A curious herbal : containing five hundred cuts, of the most useful plants, which are now used in the practice of physick, engraved on folio copper plates, after drawings, taken from the life. London : Printed for J. Nourse, London
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