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Newcastle University

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Subject support guide

Your subject-specific guide to using library resources.

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EndNote and OSCOLA

EndNote is a useful tool for managing your references, but the OSCOLA_4th_edn style in EndNote does require some manual inputting and amending of references to ensure that footnotes and bibliographies comply with the published guidelines for the OSCOLA referencing style.

Therefore, it is fundamental that before you start using EndNote and OSCOLA that you are very familiar with the OSCOLA 4th referencing style (to find out more go to our referencing library guide). We also strongly advise that you give yourself enough time to start learning how to use EndNote and that you read the following EndNote X9 and OSCOLA 4th for Newcastle Law School Guide.

OSCOLA allows use of either the full journal name or the journal abbreviation. If you have been told to use abbreviations, use the Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations to find the standard abbreviations. Then you need to amend the journal field in your EndNote Library.

Alternatively, you can import a journals Terms List (list of standard abbreviations for journal titles) for use within your EndNote library.

EndNote Desktop

If you use the Desktop version of EndNote on a Newcastle University PC, or via RAS, you will be using the OSCOLA_4th_edn style in EndNote. To use this style effectively you need to use the accompanying style guide. This can be found in the back of the printed guide called: EndNote X8 and OSCOLA 4th for Newcastle Law School.

Personal EndNote Copy

If you have EndNote installed on your own PC (i.e. you have bought your own copy of EndNote) you can download OSCOLA 2 4th style which has customised reference types, allowing for more precision and flexibility than the OSCOLA 4th style.


Watch our video (14:02 min) showing you how to use Cite While You Write (CWYW) feature in Word. Unlike other styles, the OSCOLA referencing style requires you to use CWYW in a different way. It is really important that you take time to understand and practice the points covered in the video before using CWYW in your own work. Please note transcripts can be found below beneath the video

The video covers the following main points: 

1:10 - What alterations do you need to make to get OSCOLA and CWYW work?
2:17 - Selecting the right style in your EndNote Library
2:38 - Selecting the right style in your MS Word document
2:54 - Inserting a footnote
4:03 - Adding a full stop to a footnote
5:29 - Removing a citation
6:51 - Referring to a source you have referenced, but not immediately before
7:40 - Adding a pinpoint
9:31 - Formatting and changing your bibliography / reference list
10:44- Referring to a source you have referenced immediately before e.g. ibid
12:05- Converting your document to plain text